Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the sudden loss of heart function as a result of a malfunction of the heart’s electrical system. SCA is more common in athletes when compared to their non-athlete counterparts because of the increased risk associated with strenuous exercise.
No. A heart attack is the result of a lack of blood flow to the heart itself because of a blockage to a vessel, not an electrical malfunction. The lack of blood flow to the heart muscle causes the heart to stop beating.
> The heart stops beating effectively.
> Bloodflow to the brain and other vital organs decreases.
> Oxygen is not delivered to the brain and other vital organs causing the person to faint.
> Normal heart rhythm must be restored within 4 minutes to avoid brain damage and within 10 minutes to avoid death.
Heart Structure Abnormality is a defect with the structure of the heart.
Electrical Cardiac Abnormality is a malfunction of the electrical system of the heart.
Acquired Cardiac Abnormality is a malfunction of the heart that develops after birth.
Commotio Cordis is a sudden blow or impact to the chest causing an electrical malfunction.
+ A teammate looking dizzy, stumbling
+ A teammate suddenly faint/ collapse
+ A teammate having a seizure
+ A teammate suffer a sudden blow to the chest and collapse
+ Dizziness or lightheadedness during or after physical exercise
+ Chest pain or discomfort during exercise
+ Feeling faint or fainting
+ Racing heart
+ Unusual shortness of breath
+ Know your family history. Ask if there is a history of heart problems.
+ If you are suffering signs and symptoms speak up, tell your doctor.
+ Hydrate before, during and after working out. Get a pre participation physical and ask your doctor about a heart screen.
+ Learn CPR
+ Learn the function of and how to use an AED (automated external
+ Learn where to find an AED on your campus
+ Learn the chain of survival if you see someone collapse:
1. Call 911
2. Assign someone to get an
AED (automated external
3. Begin CPR
4. As soon as the AED
arrives turn it on and
follow the prompts!